Ancient Egypt had a clear hierarchy with Pharoah being the ultimate ruler.
-Vizier and other government officials
-Priests and Nobles
-Farmers, Peasants and Slaves
Within this hierarchy men and women were classed as equal in Ancient Egypt. Both could own property, buy and sell merchandise, marry and divorce and take legal action in court. This was unusual at that time as in most ancient countries women were treated as second class citizens and were subservient to the men.
As women had equal rights, they were able to take up many positions and work alongside men. This included official government positions, although few would take up working in government.
Women in their own right could:
-Buy, sell and own property such as; land, livestock, servants and slaves.
-Take legal action, testify in court, act as a witness and serve on a jury.
-Work in the same positions as men.
Many women from wealthy families however still chose to stay at home, whereas poorer women worked alongside their husbands in the fields.