Roman Weapons


The Roman Army would march up to 20 miles a day. They would be heavily laden with weapons, armour and rations

The Gladius (Sword)

This was a short sword no more than 50cm (14in) long and used for stabbing and slashing your enemy. It was much more effective in hand to hand combat than a longer weapon.

The Pilum (Javelin)

This was a 2m (6ft 7in) long spear used by Legionnaires. It was thrown and could puncture through a shield. It could not be removed from the shield for the enemy to throw back.

The Pugio (Dagger)

Roman Legionnaires used this as a sidearm and it was attached to their waist.

The Hasta (Spear)

This was a similar length to the Pilum and had an Iron head and a shaft made of ash.

The Plumbata (Weighted Throwing Dart)

These were individual throwing darts consisting of a long metal shaft with an arrowhead at the end.

Scutum (Shield)

This was oval in shape or sometimes oblong, made of wood and was hung over the shoulder while marching.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked