Q – Anton Chekhov

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov 1860 – 1904 was a Russian playwright and short-story writer considered to be one of the greatest short-fiction writers in history. As well as his literary career, he also qualified and practised as a Doctor throughout his life.


‘Any idiot can face a crisis – it’s day to day living that wears you out’


‘Knowledge is of no value unless you put it into practice’


‘Don’t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass’


‘For Gods sake, have some self-respect and do not run off at the mouth if your brain is out to lunch’


‘This life is ours… Human life is like a flower gloriously blooming in a meadow: along comes a goat, eats it up- no more flower’


‘Do silly things. Foolishness is a great deal more vital and healthy than our straining and striving after a meaningful life’


‘A good upbringing means not that you won’t spill sauce on the tablecloth, but that you won’t notice it when someone else does’


‘Let us learn to appreciate there will be times when the trees will be bare, and look forward to the time when we may pick the fruit’


‘You must trust and believe in people or life becomes impossible’


‘If you want to work on your art, work on your life’


‘Only during hard times do people come to understand how difficult it is to be master of their feelings and thoughts’


‘People who lead a lonely existence always have something on their minds that they are eager to talk about’


‘The task of a writer is not to solve the problem but to state the problem correctly’


‘When a person is born, he can embark on only one of three roads of life: If you go right, the wolves will eat you; if you go left, you’ll eat the wolves; if you go straight, you’ll eat yourself’


‘Wisdom… comes not from age, but from education and learning’


‘We shall find peace. We shall hear angels, we shall see the sky sparkling with diamonds’


‘Love, friendship and respect do not unite people as much as a common hatred for something’


‘Try to reason about love, and you will lose your reason’


‘There are plenty of good people, but only a very, very few are precise and disciplined’


‘Which executioner is the more humane? He who kills you in a few minutes or he who drags the life out of you in the course of many years’


‘Everything on earth is beautiful, everything – except what we ourselves think and do when we forget the higher purposes of life and our own human dignity’


‘Perhaps man has a hundred senses, and when he dies only the five senses that we know perish with him, and the other ninety-five remain alive’


‘Life is given only once, and one wants to live it boldly, with full conscious and beauty’


‘People should be beautiful in every way – in their faces, in the way they dress, in their thoughts and in their innermost selves’

Q – Leo Tolstoy

Leo Tolstoy 1828 – 1910 was a Russian novelist of acclaimed works including ‘War and Peace’ and ‘Anna Karenina’. He is regarded as one of the greatest writers of all time.


‘The sole meaning of life is to serve humanity’


‘Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself’


‘The two most powerful warriors are patience and time’


‘Truth, like gold, is to be obtained not by its growth, but by washing away from it all that is not gold’


‘He never chooses an opinion; he just wears whatever happens to be in style’


‘Without knowing what I am, and why I am here, life is impossible’


‘And all people live. Not by reason of any care they have for themselves. But by the love for them that is in other people’


‘Music is the shorthand of emotion’


‘Boredom: the desire for desires’


‘Everything that I understand, I understand only because I love’


‘An arrogant person considers himself perfect. This is the chief harm of arrogance. It interferes with a person’s main task in life—becoming a better person’


‘Wrong does not cease to be wrong because the majority share in it’


‘True life is lived when tiny changes occur’


‘All violence consists in some people forcing others, under threat of suffering or death, to do what they do not want to do’


‘If you want to be happy, be’


‘Even in the valley of the shadow of death, two and two do not make six’


‘All happy families resemble one another, but each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way’


‘It is amazing how complete is the delusion that beauty is goodness’


‘There is no greatness where there is no simplicity, goodness and truth’


‘When you love someone, you love the person as they are, and not as you’d like them to be’


‘War is so unjust and ugly that all who wage it must try to stifle the voice of conscience within themselves’


‘We lost because we told ourselves we lost’


‘One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between Man and Nature shall not be broken’


‘In the name of God, stop a moment, cease your work, look around you’


‘The more we live by our intellect, the less we understand the meaning of life’


‘Respect was invented to cover the empty place where love should be’

Q – Fyodor Dostoevsky

Fyodor Dostoevsky 1821- 1881 was a Russian novelist and short-story writer, journalist and philosopher, one of the most widely read and highly regarded Russian writers, with his works being translated into over 170 languages.


‘One can know a man from his laugh, and if you like a man’s laugh before you know anything of him, you may confidently say that he is a good man’


‘To live without Hope is to Cease to live’


‘There are things which a man is afraid to tell even himself, and every decent man has a number of such things stored away in his mind’


‘Above all, don’t lie to yourself. The man who lies to himself and listens to his own lie comes to a point that he cannot distinguish the truth within him, or around him, and so loses all respect for himself and for others. And having no respect he ceases to love’


‘If you want to be respected by others, the great thing is to respect yourself. Only by that, only by self-respect will you compel others to respect you’


‘Without God all things are permitted’


‘The cleverest of all, in my opinion, is the man who calls himself a fool at least once a month’


‘The greatest happiness is to know the source of unhappiness’


‘A real gentleman, even if he loses everything he owns, must show no emotion. Money must be so far beneath a gentleman that it is hardly worth troubling about’


‘It takes something more than intelligence to act intelligently’


‘Man only likes to count his troubles; he doesn’t calculate his happiness’


‘Realists do not fear the results of their study’


‘It is better to be unhappy and know the worst, than to be happy in a fool’s paradise’


‘The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons’


‘There is no subject so old that something new cannot be said about it’


‘Power is given only to those who dare to lower themselves and pick it up. Only one thing matters, one thing; to be able to dare’


‘To go wrong in one’s own way is better than to go right in someone else’s’


‘The soul is healed by being with children’


‘To love is to suffer and there can be no love otherwise’


‘If you want to overcome the whole world, overcome yourself’


‘Pain and suffering are always inevitable for a large intelligence and a deep heart. The really great men must, I think have great sadness on earth’


‘Happiness does not lie in happiness, but in the achievement of it’


‘We sometimes encounter people, even perfect strangers, who begin to interest us at first sight, somehow suddenly, all at once, before a word has been spoken’


‘Taking a new step, uttering a new word, is what people fear most’


‘When reason fails, the devil helps!’


‘Grown-up people do not know that a child can give exceedingly good advice even in the most difficult case’


‘A fool with a heart and no sense is just as unhappy as a fool with sense and no heart’


‘Man has it all in his hands, and it all slips through his fingers from sheer cowardice’


‘The mystery of human existence lies not in just staying alive, but in finding something to live for’


‘This is my last message to you: In sorrow, seek happiness’

Q – Dante Alighieri

Dante Alighieri 1265 – 1321 was an Italian poet whose epic poem ‘The Divine Comedy’ is considered to be the greatest work of literature ever written in Italian, and the most important poem of the middle ages.


‘The darkest places in hell are reserved for those who in times of great moral crisis maintain their neutrality’


‘Consider your origins: you were not made to live as brutes, but to follow virtue and knowledge’


‘There is no greater sorrow than to recall happiness in times of misery’


‘Heaven wheels above you, displaying to you her eternal glories, and still your eyes are on the ground’


‘Beauty awakens the soul to act’


‘Nature is the art of god’


‘In the middle of the journey of our life I came to myself within a dark wood where the straight-way was lost’


‘Remember tonight… for it is the beginning of always’


‘He listens well who takes notes’


‘They yearn for what they fear for’


‘A mighty flame follows a tiny spark’


‘He who sees a need and waits to be asked for help is as unkind as if he had refused it’


‘My course is set for an unchartered sea’


‘A fair request should be followed by the deed in silence’


‘Do not be afraid; our fate cannot be taken from us; it is a gift’


‘The more a thing is perfect, the more it feels pleasure and pain’


‘There is a gentle thought that often springs to life in me, because it speaks of you’


‘The secret of getting things done is to act’


‘The path to paradise begins in hell’


‘Be like a solid tower, whose brave height remains unmoved by all the winds that blow; the man who lets his thoughts be turned aside by one thing or another, will lose sight of his true goal, his mind sapped of its strength’

Q – Alexander Pope

Alexander Pope 1688 – 1744 was an 18th Century English poet, known not only for his own work, but also for editing Shakespeare’s work and for translating the works of the Ancient Greek poet Homer.


‘Fools admire, but men of sense approve’


‘Many men have been capable of doing a wise thing, more a cunning thing, but very few a generous thing’


‘An excuse is worse and more terrible than a lie; for an excuse is a lie guarded’


‘A man should never be ashamed to own that he has been in the wrong, which is but saying in other words that he is wiser today than he was yesterday’


‘Blessed is he who expects nothing, for he shall never be disappointed’


‘Act well your part, there all the honour lies’


‘Charm strikes the sight, but merit wins the soul’


‘To err is human, to forgive, divine’


‘Passions are the gales of life’


‘Hope springs eternal in the human breast; Man never is, but always to be blest’


‘Fools rush in where angels fear to tread’


‘Be not the first by whom the new are tried, Nor yet the last to lay the old aside’


‘If you want to know what God thinks about money, just look at the people he gives it to’


‘A work of art that contains theories is like an object on which the price tag has been left’


‘True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, as those move easiest who have learned to dance’


‘To be angry is to revenge the faults of others on ourselves’


‘Some people will never learn anything, for this reason, because they understand everything too soon’


‘A little learning is a dangerous thing’


‘The hungry judges soon the sentence sign, and wretches hang that jurymen may dine’


‘So vast is art, so narrow human wit’


‘Strength of mind is exercise, not rest’


‘Be not the first by which a new thing is tried, or the last to lay the old aside’

Quiz 9 – Answers

1  Catherine the Great

5  Queen Victoria

9  Eva Peron

13 Rosa Parks

17 Anne Boleyn

21 Cleopatra

2  Anne Frank

6  Florence Nightingale

10 Marie Antoinette

14 Emmeline Pankhurst

18 Benazir Bhutto

22 Elizabeth I

3  Marie Curie

7  Eleanor Roosevelt

11 Rosa Luxemburg

15 Catherine de Medici

19 Lucrezia Borgia

23 Boudicca

4  Eleanor of Aquitaine

8  Joan of Arc

12 Livia Drusila

16 Indira Gandhi

20 Mother Teresa

24 Agrippina

Quiz 9 – Clues

1 Empress of Russia 1762 – 1796, the country’s longest ruling female leader.

2 Dutch diarist made famous after her death for her writings ‘The Diary of a Young Girl’ written while hiding from the Nazi’s during World War II.

3 The first woman to win a Nobel Prize, who also went on to win a second time.

4 Married to Louis VII of France and later to Henry II of England.

5 Came to the throne of England at only 18 years of age and ruled for over 60 years.

6 Known as the founder of modern nursing.

7 Longest serving First Lady of the United States of America, as wife to the 32nd President.

8 Known as the ‘Maid of Orleans’.

9 First lady of Argentina 1946 – 1952, also known as Evita.

10 Queen of France, wife of Louis XVI.

11 Polish activist, who took German citizenship at the age of 28 and was a co-founder of the Communist Party of Germany.

12 Wife of the 1st Roman Emperor Augustus, throughout his reign.

13 American Civil Rights activist born at a time of racial segregation in America.

14 Political activist, leader of the British Suffragette movement, helping women to win the right to vote.

15 Wife of Henry II of France 1547 – 1559.

16 First female Prime Minister of India, assassinated in 1984.

17 Second wife of Henry VIII, beheaded in 1536.

18 Prime Minister of Pakistan assassinated in 2007.

19 Illegitimate but acknowledged daughter of Pope Alexander VI.

20 A Roman Catholic nun and missionary who spread god’s love throughout the world.

21 Last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, believed to have been poisoned to death by an asp.

22 Queen of England 1558 – 1603 known as the ‘Virgin Queen’ and ‘Good Queen Bess’.

23 British Celtic Queen who led an uprising against Roman rule around 60AD.

24 Roman Empress, wife of Emperor Claudius and mother of Emperor Nero.

Quiz 9 – Famous Women of History

Can you name these famous women of history?

If you need any help, click: Quiz 9 – Clues




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Quiz 9 – Answers

Quiz 8 – Answers

1  William Bligh

5  Richard the Lionheart

9  Mahatma Gandhi

13 Constantine the Great

17 Nelson Mandela

21 Saladin

2  Charles de Gaulle

6  Vladimir Lenin

10 Theodore Roosevelt

14 Lord Kitchener

18 Thomas Jefferson

22 Augustus

3  Franz Ferdinand

7  Duke of Wellington

11 Franklin D Roosevelt

15 Alfred the Great

19 Sitting Bull

23 Spartacus

4  Douglas Haig

8  Tsar Nicholas II

12 Erwin Rommel

16 David Lloyd George

20 Dalai Lama

24 Charlemagne

Quiz 8 – Clues

1. Vice-Admiral in the British Royal Navy and captain of ‘The Bounty’ at the time of mutiny.

2. French general and former President of France.

3. Archduke whose assassination led to World War I.

4. Field-Marshall in the British Army and commander during the Battle of the Somme in World War I.

5. King of England 1189 is better known by this name.

6. Founder of the Russian Communist party.

7. Victorious against Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

8. Last Emperor of Russia who was assassinated along with his wife and children.

9. Indian activist and leader of the Indian Independence movement.

10. 26th President of the United States of America.

11. 32nd President of the United States of America.

12. German General during World War II.

13. Roman Emperor 306-337AD.

14. British military leader during WW I, known for ‘Your Country Needs You’ poster campaign.

15. King of the Anglo-Saxons of England in the 9th century.

16. Liberal British Prime Minister 1916-1922.

17. First black President of South Africa 1994-1999.

18. 3rd President of the United States of America.

19. Native American Indian chief.

20. Spiritual leader of the Tibetan people.

21. First Sultan of Egypt and Syria.

22. First Emperor of Rome.

23. Ancient Roman Gladiator and slave.

24. ‘Charles the Great’ is better known by this name.