Roman Baths


The Roman baths were not only used for bathing. They were a place where you could meet friends and socialise. Food and entertainment were also available at the baths.

There were three types of bath.

Cold Bath (Frigidarium)

This was a cold plunge bath.

Warm Bath (Tepidarium)

This was heated by an underfloor system giving constant radiant heat.

Hot Bath (Caldarium)

This was a hot plunge bath and steam room.

When entering the baths, citizens would first visit,

The Dressing Room (Apodyterium)

They could then enter,

The Gymnasium (Palaestra)

Here they could exercise in such things as:

  • Weight Lifting
  • Boxing
  • Wrestling
  • Ball Games

There was also lighter exercise such as:

  • Board Games
  • Gambling with Dice

Citizens would also have their body oiled while at the baths.

After bathing, slaves were there to attend citizens and provide massages. The slaves would also scrape the oil from the body using a curved metal tool (stigil).

All citizens were allowed to use the baths, but there were separate baths for men and women.

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