Marc Antony

Marc Antony

Born Marcus Antonius on 14 January 83BC.

He was raised with very little parental guidance and spent his teenage years gambling, drinking excessively and partaking in illicit love affairs.

Due to his debts following his excesses he fled to Greece in 58BC.

Antony’s military career started shortly after when he joined the staff of Aulus Gabinius in 57BC. He fought in Judea and performed with distinction.

Between 52BC – 50BC he became a staff officer to Julius Caesar in Gaul, and also served as quaestor (magistrate).

In 49BC he was named ‘Tribune of the Plebs’ (common people). Both his political and military careers were rising rapidly.

He fought in a series of battles with Julius Caesar in his war with Pompey Magnus and following Caesar’s death in 44BC, Antony was next in line to rule, however he was challenged in this by the killers of Caesar.

At the reading of Caesar’s will, it was announced that Caesar had adopted his great nephew Gaius Octavian as his son and heir, therefore Antony was challenged again.

Following an uncertain time, an agreement was made between Octavian, Antony and Lepidus to form a triumvirate (three person rule).

Octavian would rule the west including Rome.
Lepidus would rule Africa.
Antony would rule the east including Egypt.

Antony and Octavian formed an alliance and together they fought Caesar’s killers at the battle of Philippi in Greece in 42BC, and were victorious.

Antony then travelled to his provinces and met Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt in 41BC. They were to become lovers.

He returned to Rome in 40BC following a disagreement with Octavian, and to secure their friendship he married Octavian’s sister Octavia.

Antony went on military campaign again against the Partheons and then in 36BC he returned to Egypt and Cleopatra.

The relationship between Octavian and Antony was deteriorating and Octavian turned roman support away from Antony.

The two met at the battle of Actium on 2 September 31BC and Antony was defeated.

Antony and Cleopatra fled back to Egypt and when Octavian and his armies invaded Egypt, Antony committed suicide.

Marc Antony died on 1 August 30BC.

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