Hatshepsut was the daughter of Thutmose I, The chief wife of Thutmose II and the step-mother of Thutmose III.
As Thutmose III had come to the throne as a child, Hatshepsut was to rule alongside him and she came to the throne in 1478BC.
Initially she ruled as a co-regent, befitting her place, but this was to change and she was to assume the position of Pharoah for approximately 21 years and became one of the most successful Pharoahs, reigning longer than any other woman.
During her reign, she undertook 100’s of grand building projects across both Upper and Lower Egypt. One of these was the Temple of Deir-el-Bahri, located in Thebes, which was to become her burial place.
One of her greatest accomplishments was the establishment of trade networks that had been previously disrupted. Hatshepsut was to send 5 ships and 210 men on a mission to the Land of Punt, and many goods were bought to Egypt from this mission. These included Frankincense and live Myrrh trees. The trees had their roots planted in baskets for the duration of the voyage.
Hatshepsut often portrayed herself as a man during her reign, although it is unclear why. She did claim that her father Thutmose I had named her his heir, or maybe it was to legitimise her status from Thutmose III.
She is believed to have died in 1458BC and she was buried in the Valley of the Kings alongside her father.
After death monuments of her were smashed and defaced. Many depictions of her were scratched off tombs and temples. This was possibly ordered by Thutmose III and undertaken by his son Amenhotep II.
Following her death Thutmose II was to continue to rule in his own right.