FF – River Nile

1 Longest River in the world, approximately 6650 km (4132 miles) long.

2 Name comes from the Greek word ‘Neilos’ which means valley.

3 Nile is located in Northwest Africa and has two main tributaries, The White Nile and The Blue Nile.

4 It flows through many countries other than Egypt including Ethiopia, Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, Rwanda, Eritrea and Tanzania.

5 It finally flows into the Mediterranean Sea.

6 Ancient Egyptians named the Nile ‘Aur’ which means black. This was because of the black silt it left behind after flooding.

7 Rich black soil was known as the ‘Gift of the Nile’.

8 Ancient Egyptians worshipped the Nile, as this was their backbone. Without the Nile, Egypt was a dry and barren land.

9 The annual flooding provided rich black silt that was left behind to produce rich fertile soil for growing food.

10 Papyrus grew along its banks. This was used to make baskets, rope and sandals. The leaves were used as flooring in houses and shading on roofs of houses.

11 Fish were plentiful in the Nile, and this was a rich source of food. Fish could be salted and dried.

12 Nile became the main source of travel. Used for transporting goods and people.

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