Quiz 7 – Historical Leaders (1)

Can you name these historical leaders?

Work out the anagrams, and if you need clues to help you click: Quiz 7 – Clues



(6, 6)

****** ******



(6, 8)

****** ********



(6, 8)

****** ********



(7, 9)

******* *********



(7, 7)

******* *******



(6, 9)

****** *********



(7, 6)

******* ******



(5, 6)

***** ******



(7, 4)

******* ****



(6, 6)

****** ******



(5, 6)

***** ******



(6, 1, 3)

****** * ***



(6, 10)

****** **********



(8, 9)

******** *********



(3, 7)

*** *******



(8, 9)

******** *********







(6, 3, 3)

****** *** ***



(7, 7)

******* *******



(6, 6)

****** ******



(9, 3, 5)

********* *** *****



(3, 6)

*** ******



(5, 3, 5)

***** *** *****



(7, 3, 9)

******* *** *********

Quiz 7 – Answers

Quiz 6 – Answers

1  John Milton

2  Charles Darwin

3  Homer

4  Mahatma Gandhi

5  Charles Dickens

6  Aesop

7  Alexander Pope

8  Plato

9  Francis of Assisi

10 Socrates

11 Charlotte Bronte

12 William Shakespeare

13 Albert Einstein

14 Salvador Dali

15 Cicero

16 Rudyard Kipling

17 Johannes Brahms

18 Fyodor Dostoevsky

19 Quintilian

20 Abraham Lincoln

21 Cato the Elder

22 Michelangelo

23 Anne Frank

24 Virgil


Quiz 6 – Historical Quotes

Check out our quiz on Historical quotes.

All of the answers can be found in Quotes A – Z

‘Innocence, Once Lost, Can Never Be Regained. Darkness, Once Gazed Upon, Can Never Be Lost’

‘It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change’

‘A small rock holds back a great wave’

‘An eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind’

‘It was the best of times, it was the worst of times’

‘Do not count your chickens before they are hatched’

‘To err is human; to forgive, divine’

‘Necessity is the mother of invention’

‘Start by doing what’s necessary; then do what’s possible; and suddenly you are doing the impossible’

‘The unexamined life is not worth living’

‘If all the world hated you and believed you wicked, while your own conscience approved of you and absolved you from guilt, you would not be without friends’

‘The course of true love never did run smooth’

‘Imagination is more important than knowledge’

‘Intelligence without ambition is a bird without wings’

‘A home without books is a body without soul’

‘If you can keep your wits about you while all others are losing theirs and blaming you. The world will be yours and everything in it, what’s more, you’ll be a man, my son’

‘The idea comes to me from outside of me – and is like a gift. I then take the idea and make it my own – that is where the skill lies’

‘If you want to be respected by others, the great thing is to respect yourself. Only by that, only by self-respect will you compel others to respect you’

‘Everything that has a beginning comes to an end’

‘All that I am, or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother’

‘I prefer to do right and get no thanks than to do wrong and receive no punishment’

‘Lord, grant that I may always desire more than I can accomplish’

‘How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world’

‘The world cares very little about what a man or woman knows; it is what a man or woman is able to do that counts’

Quiz 6 – Answers

FF – Philip II of Spain

21 May 1527: Born in Valladolid, Spain to parents Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal.

At birth, he became Prince Philip of Asturias.

1540: Became Duke of Milan.

1543: Given the regency of Spain.

1543: Married Princess Maria of Portugal.

8 July 1545: Maria of Portugal gave birth to a son Don Carlos. She died shortly after the birth.

25 July 1554: Married Queen Mary I of England at Winchester Cathedral.

1554: Took the throne of Naples and Sicily after his father Charles V abdicated.

1555: Became Lord of all the provinces of the Netherlands.

January 1556: Crowned King of Spain after his father Charles V abdicated.

5 February 1556: Philip and Henry II of France signed the Truce of Vaucelles.

1557: Declared bankrupt.

10 August 1557: Formed an alliance with England and defeated France at the Battle of St Quentin.

13 July 1558: Defeated the French at the Battle of Gravelines.

17 November 1558: Mary I died, childless.

3 April 1559: Signed the Peace of Cateau-Cambresis with Henry II of France, securing Spanish control of Piedmont, Savoy, Corsica, and the Republic of Genoa.

January 1560: Married Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of Henry II of France. The marriage produced two daughters, Isabella Clara Eugenia born 12 August 1566, and Catherine Michelle born 10 October 1567.

1560: Declared bankrupt for a second time. Many more would follow.

1567: Sent the Spanish army to overthrow the protestant uprising in the Netherlands.

January 1567: Ordered the persecution of Christian Moors in Spain.

1568: Philip imprisoned his son Don Carlos, who later died while imprisoned.

3 October 1568: Elisabeth of Valois died.

1569: Formed Inquisition in South America.

1569: Following the Morisco Revolt in Granada, Philip expelled the Moriscos from Granada and dispersed them through the Kingdom of Castile.

1570: Married Anne of Austria, daughter of Maximilian II by proxy. The marriage produced five children, but only one survived to adulthood, Philip born 3 April 1578, the future Philip III of Spain.

7 October 1571: Victory for Spain as part of the Holy League over the Ottoman Turks navy at the Battle of Lepanto.

26 October 1580: Anna of Austria dies.

1581: Becomes King of Portugal.

1585: Signed Peace Treaty with the Ottoman Empire.

1587: Obtains agreement from Pope Sextus V to invade England as a Catholic Crusade.

1588: Launches the Spanish Armada, a fleet of over 130 ships, to escort an army from Flanders to invade England, but defeated by the English navy.

1591 – 1592: Philip sent forces to quell the Aragonese Rebellion.

1595 – 1598: Involved with the French Religious wars against the Huguenots (Reformed Protestants) of France.

13 September 1598: Died and is buried at El Escorial Royal Palace, near Madrid, Spain.

Philip II was known as ‘Philip the Prudent’ and ruled during a period known as the ‘Spanish Golden Age’.

He inherited a kingdom heavily in debt, but during his reign, he built Spain up to the peak of its power, but he still left a kingdom heavy in financial debt.

FF – Thomas Wolsey

Around 1473: Born in Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

Attended Ipswich School, Suffolk, then studied Theology at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he held the position of Master of Magdalen College School and then Dean of Divinity.

10 March 1498: Ordained a Priest in Marlborough, Wiltshire.

1500 – 1509: Wolsey held the living at the Church of St Mary, Limington, Somerset.

1502 – 1503: Became Chaplain to Henry Dean, Archbishop of Canterbury and in 1503 he entered the household of Richard Nanfan.

1507: Wolsey entered the service of King Henry VII and was appointed as Royal Chaplain. He also served as secretary to Richard Foxe (adviser to the king).

April 1508: Sent to Scotland to discuss the Auld Alliance (alliance between Scotland and France) with King James IV of Scotland.

April 1509: Following the death of Henry VII, Wolsey entered the service of Henry VIII.

November 1509: Appointed to the position of Almoner (church official charged with distributing money to the poor). This then gave him a seat on the Privy Council (advisers to the king).

The titles bestowed on Thomas Wolsey continued.

1511: Became Canon of Windsor.

1512: England formed an alliance with Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand V of Spain and Pope Julius II against Louis XII of France. This alliance led to war against France but the first campaign was unsuccessful.

1513: A further campaign gained more success and led to the Anglo-French treaty of 1514 in which Wolsey was key negotiator, and included a marriage between Mary, Henry’s sister and Louis XII of France, however Louis XII died 3 months later and Francis I became King of France.

1514: Became Bishop of Lincoln and Archbishop of York.

1515: Wolsey was now the king’s most trusted adviser and he appointed him Lord Chancellor, the most important position in the English court, second only to the king.

1515: In the same year Pope Leo X also named him Cardinal.

1518: Wolsey was named Papal Legate of England and organised the Treaty of London, giving peace between England, France, the Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy.

1520: Wolsey was a great diplomat and one of his greatest triumphs was the organisation of the ‘Field of the Cloth of Gold’, a large, lavish display of England’s wealth and power that was attended by many thousands of Henry’s followers. This involved the arrangement of a meeting between Henry VIII and Francis I of France.

1521: Charles V, had become Holy Roman Emperor in 1519 and at the Calais Conference in 1521, Wolsey signed the secret Treaty of Bruges with Charles. Wolsey agreed that England would join forces with the Holy Roman Empire in war against France if France refused to sign the peace treaty. This would mean ignoring the previous peace treaty of 1518.

1527: England eventually abandoned the Holy Roman Empire and signed a new treaty with France.

1527: Dominated by Henry VIII’s desire for a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon, Wolsey was ordered to arrange an annulment. Henry believed this would be easily obtained due to Wolsey being Papal Legate, however this was not to be the case. Holy Roman Emperor Charles V was Catherine of Aragon’s nephew and he pressurised Pope Clement VII to refuse an annulment.

1528: Clement VII sent Cardinal Campeggio to assist Wolsey to decide on an annulment, however the pope later revoked this right.

1529: Wolsey was removed from many of his titles including Lord Chancellor; he was however allowed to keep the title of Archbishop of York.

1530: Travelling to York, he was accused of treason and ordered to return to London.

29 November 1530: Thomas Wolsey fell ill while travelling to London and died at Leicester. He is buried at Leicester Abbey.

Quiz 5 – Answers

1  Black Beauty

2  Charlotte’s Web

3  The Voyage of the Dawn Treader

4  The Cat in the Hat

5  Bridge to Terabithia

6  Animal Farm

7  A Christmas Carol

8  Barnaby Rudge

9 David Copperfield

10 Kidnapped

11 Moby Dick

12 The Hunchback of Notre Dame

13 The Three Musketeers

14 Through the Looking Glass

15 Little Women

16 Hansel and Gretel

17 The Lord of the Rings

18 Great Expectations

19 The Catcher in the Rye

20 The Secret Garden

Q – Juvenal

Decimus Junius Juvenalis circa 55 – 127AD. He was a Roman satiric poet, who wrote sixteen poems over five books knows as the ‘Satires’.


‘Rare is the union of beauty and purity’


‘Fortune can, for her pleasure, fools advance; And toss them on the wheels of Chance’


‘One bears a cross for his crime, another a crown’


‘No man ever became extremely wicked all at once’


‘Writing in the incurable itch that possesses many’


‘One path alone leads to a life of peace: The path of virtue’


‘The traveller with empty pockets will sing in the thief’s face’


‘You should pray for a healthy mind in a healthy body’


‘All wish to possess knowledge, but few, comparatively speaking, are willing to pay the price’


‘Every crime will bring remorse to the man who committed it’


‘Be rich to yourself and poor to your friends’


‘Never does nature say one thing and wisdom another’


‘It is madness to live in want, in order to be wealthy when you die’


‘Count it the greatest sin to prefer life to honour, and for the sake of living to lose what makes life worth having’


‘Honesty is admired, and starves’


‘It is a poor thing to lean upon the fame of others, lest the pillars give way and the house fall down in ruin’


‘Peace visits not the guilty mind’


‘Revenge is always the weak pleasure of a little and narrow mind’


‘It is not easy for men to rise whose qualities are thwarted by poverty’


‘For women’s tears are but the sweat of eyes’


‘Benign philosophy, by degrees, strips from us most of our vices, and all our mistakes; it is she that first teaches us the right’


‘Where talent is lacking, anger writes poetry’

Q – George Bernard Shaw

George Bernard Shaw 1856 – 1950 was an Irish playwright, theatre critic and political activist, joining the socialist Fabian Society for which he penned many pamphlets.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize of Literature in 1925.


‘The reasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself, therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man’


‘If history repeats itself, and the unexpected always happens, how incapable must Man be of learning from experience’


‘A life spent making mistakes is not only more honourable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing’


‘Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself’


‘You are going to let the fear of poverty govern your life and your reward will be that you will eat, but you will not live’


‘He knows nothing; and he thinks he knows everything. That points clearly to a political career’


‘He who can, does. He who cannot, teaches’


‘We have no more right to consume happiness without producing it than to consume wealth without producing it’


‘Do not do unto others as you would that they should do unto you. Their tastes may not be the same’


‘There is only one religion, though there are a hundred versions of it’


‘Criminals do not die by the hands of the law. They die by the hands of other men’


‘Life does not cease to be funny when people die any more than it ceases to be serious when people laugh’


‘Everything happens to everybody sooner or later if there is time enough’


‘A fashion is nothing but an induced epidemic’


‘Hell is full of musical amateurs’


‘If you cannot get rid of the family skeleton, you may as well make it dance’


‘Patriotism is your conviction that this country is superior to all other countries because you were born in it’


‘You see things; and you say, Why? But I dream things that never were; and I say, Why Not?’


‘Youth is a wonderful thing. What a crime to waste it on children’


‘Take care to get what you like or you will be forced to like what you get’


‘The golden rule is that there are no golden rules’


‘We must make the world honest before we can honestly say to our children that honesty is the best policy’


‘Self-sacrifice enables us to sacrifice other people without blushing’


‘Democracy is a device that ensures we shall be governed no better than we deserve’


‘No man can be a pure specialist without being in the strict sense an idiot’


‘The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them; that’s the essence of inhumanity’


‘People are always blaming their circumstances for what they are. I don’t believe in circumstances. The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look for the circumstances they want, and, if they can’t find them, make them’


‘The power of accurate observation is commonly called cynicism by those who have not got it’


‘One man who has a mind and knows it can always beat ten men who haven’t and don’t’


‘The liar’s punishment is not in the least that he is not believed but that he cannot believe anyone else’

Q – Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 – 1900 was a German philosopher whose work had an overwhelming influence on Western Philosophy.

He was plagued by ill-health throughout his life, living more than the final ten years of his life in the care of his mother and sister.


‘There is always some madness in love. But there is also always some reason in madness’


‘The visionary lies to himself, the liar only to others’


‘Man is the cruellest animal’


‘Talking much about oneself can also be a means to conceal oneself’


‘You have your way, I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist’


‘A thinker sees his own actions as experiments and questions – as attempts to find out something. Success and failure are for him answers above all’


‘Is man merely a mistake of God’s? Or God merely a mistake of man’s?’


‘It is nobler to declare oneself wrong than to insist on being right – especially when one is right’


‘Insanity in individuals is something rare – but in groups, parties, nations and epochs, it is the rule’


‘Not by wrath does one kill, but by laughter’


‘The man of knowledge must be able not only to love his enemies but also to hate his friends’


‘Without music, life would be a mistake’


‘In heaven all the interesting people are missing’


‘All truly great thoughts are conceived while walking’


‘Ultimately, it is the desire, not the desired, that we love’


‘Thoughts are the shadows of our feeling – always darker, emptier and simpler’


‘Invisible threads are the strongest ties’


‘If you gaze long into an abyss, the abyss will gaze back into you’


‘The advantage of a bad memory is that one enjoys several times the same good things for the first time’


‘To forget one’s purpose is the commonest form of stupidity’


‘It is hard enough to remember my opinions, without also remembering my reasons for them!’


‘The surest way to corrupt a youth is to instruct him to hold in higher esteem those who think alike than those who think differently’


‘There are no facts, only interpretations’


‘A good writer possesses not only his own spirit but also the spirit of his friends’


‘One ought to hold on to one’s heart; for if one lets it go, one soon loses control of the head too’


‘Every deep thinker is more afraid of being understood than of being misunderstood’


‘The higher we soar the smaller we appear to those who cannot fly’


‘Perhaps I know best why it is man alone who laughs; he only suffers so deeply that he had to invent laughter’


‘To predict the behaviour of ordinary people in advance, you only have to assume that they will always try to escape a disagreeable situation with the smallest possible expenditure of intelligence’


‘That which needs to be proved cannot be worth much’

Q – Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Alfred, Lord Tennyson 1809 – 1892 remains one of Britain’s most popular poets.

He became Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland in 1850 during the reign of Queen Victoria and remained in this position until his death.


‘Love is the only gold’


‘Dreams are true while they last, and do we not live in dreams?’


‘If nature put not forth her power, About the opening of the flower, who is it that could live an hour?’


‘He makes no friends who never made a foe’


‘My strength is as the strength of ten, because my heart is pure’


‘Authority forgets a dying king’


‘Theirs not to make reply. Theirs not to reason why. Theirs but to do and die’


‘If I had a flower for every time I thought of you… I could walk through my garden forever’


‘I must lose myself in action, lest I wither in despair’


‘The happiness of a man in this life does not consist in the absence but in the mastery of his passions’


‘The shell must break before the bird can fly’


‘Self-reverence, self-knowledge, self-control, these three alone lead to power’


‘A sorrow’s crown of sorrow, is remembering happier things’


‘I am a part of all that I have met’


‘Once in a golden hour I cast to earth a seed. Up there came a flower, the people said, a weed’


‘Let the great world spin for ever down the ringing grooves of change’


‘No life that breathes with human breath, has ever truly longed for death’


‘Sweet is true love that is given in vain, and sweet in death that takes away pain’


‘To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield’


‘For words, like Nature, half reveal and half conceal the Soul within’


‘Tis better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all’


‘Man dreams of fame while woman wakes to love’


‘A lie that is half-truth is the darkest of all lies’


‘Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers’


‘If you don’t concentrate on what you are doing then the thing that you are doing is not what you are thinking’


‘By blood a king, in heart a clown’


‘We are all a part of every person we have ever met’


‘So many worlds, so much to do, so little done, such things to be’