Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses

The Olympian Gods were the major gods in Ancient Greece, but there were many other gods worshipped by the people.

Here we concentrate on the Olympian Gods, Titans and Primordial Gods.

Zeus
Zeus

Hera
Hera

Poseidon
Poseidon

hades
Hades

Zeus

King of Gods and ruler of Mount Olympus. God of the Sky, Weather, Thunder and Lightning. Also god of Law, Order and Justice.

He was the son of Cronus and Rhea and his brothers were Hades and Poseidon.

He ruled the earth and sky; controlled the weather and threw lightning bolts and his thunderbolt like a spear.

Hera

Queen of the Gods, Goddess of Marriage, Childbirth, Heirs, Kings and Empires.

She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea, and the wife and sister of Zeus.

Many temples were built in her honour and her sacred animals were the cow, lion and peacock.

Poseidon

God of the Sea, Rivers, Floods, Droughts and Earthquakes.

He was the son of Cronus and Rhea and brother of Zeus and Hades.

His weapon was a trident and he was known to be bad tempered and miserable.

Hades

King of the Underworld and the Dead.

He was the son of Cronus and Rhea and brother of Poseidon and Zeus.

He lived mainly in the underworld and ruled over the dead. He was a most feared god and ruled with the help of his three-headed dog, Cerberus.

Ares
Ares

Aphrodite
Aphrodite

hephaestus
Hephaestus

Apollo
Apollo

Ares

God of War, Bloodshed and Violence.

He was the son of Zeus and Hera.

He carried a shield, sword and spear and was depicted as an armed warrior.

Aphrodite

Goddess of Beauty, Love, Desire and Pleasure.

Considered one of the most beautiful of gods. Her sacred animals were the sparrow, swan and dove.

Hephaestus

God of Fire, Blacksmiths and Craft.

He was the husband of Aphrodite.

His helpers were giant one-eyed cyclops. He was depicted with a hammer, tongs and anvil and his sacred animals were donkey, guard dog and crane.

Apollo

God of Music, Arts, Knowledge, Healing, Plague and Prophecy. Also god of Poetry, Manly Beauty and Archery.

He was the son of Zeus and Leto, twin brother of Artemis.

He used a bow and arrow and his sacred animals were swans, hawks, ravens, snakes and roe deer.

artemis
Artemis

athena
Athena

demeter
Demeter

Persephone
Persephone

Artemis

Virgin Goddess of the Hunt, Wilderness and Animals. Also Goddess of Childbirth and Plague.

She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and twin sister of Apollo.

She carried a hunting bow and arrows and her sacred animals include deer, bears and boars.

Athena

Goddess of Intelligence, Skill, Peace, Warfare, Battle Strategy and Wisdom.

She was the daughter of Zeus, her symbol was the Olive Tree and her sacred animal was an owl.

Demeter

Goddess of Grain, Agriculture, Harvest, Growth and Nourishment.

She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea, sister of Zeus and Mother of Persephone.

Her sacred animals were pigs and snakes.

Persephone

Goddess of the Underworld, Springtime, Flowers, Vegetation and Maidenhood.

She was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter and was abducted by Hades.

She is portrayed robed and carrying a sheaf of grain.

dionysus1
Dionysus

Hermes
Hermes

hestia
Hestia

Hebe
Hebe

Dionysus

God of Wine, Parties, Festivals, Madness, Chaos, Drunkenness, Drugs and Ecstasy.

He was known for shape shifting and his sacred animals were dolphins, serpents and tigers.

Hermes

God of Boundaries, Travel, Communication, Trade, Language and Writing, and Messenger of the Gods.

He was the son of Zeus and Maia and known as the fastest of the gods.

He wore a winged hat and winged sandals. His sacred animal was the tortoise.

Hestia

Virgin Goddess of the Hearth, Home and Chastity.

She was the daughter of Cronus and Rhea and sister of Zeus.

She always appeared as a veiled woman.

Hebe

Goddess of Youth.

She was the daughter of Zeus and Hera, and the Cup Bearer for gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia.

Eileithyia

Goddess of Childbirth and Midwifery.

She was the daughter of Zeus and Hera.

Enyo

Goddess of War and Destruction.

She was the lover of Ares, and the daughter of Zeus and Hera.

She is depicted as ‘Supreme in War and Destruction of cities’, accompanying Ares into battle.

Titans and Titanesses

Coeus: Titan God of Intellect. Son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaia (Earth). Brother of Phoebe.

Crius: Father of Astraeus, Pallas and Perses.

Cronus: Leader of the Titans.

Hyperian: Titan of Light. Titan child of Gaia (Earth) and Uranus (Heaven). Father of Helios (Sun), Selene (Moon) and Eos (Dawn).

Iapetus: Titan of Mortality.

Mnemosyne: Titaness of Memory and Remembrance. Mother of the nine muses.

Oceanus: Titan of all encircling river oceans around the earth. Fount of all earths fresh water.

Phoebe: Titaness of Bright Intellect and Prophecy. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia and mother of Leto.

Rhea: Titaness of Fertility, Motherhood and Mountain Wilds. Sister and consort of Cronus. Mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter and Hestia.

Tethys: Titaness of Fresh Water. Mother of springs, streams and rivers. Sister and wife of Oceanus.

Theia: Titaness of Shining Light. Name means Divine. Daughter of Uranus and Gaia, Sister and consort of Hyperion. Mother of Helios (Sun), Selene (Moon), and Eos (Dawn).

Themis: Titaness of Divine Law and Order.

Asteria: Titaness of Nocturnal Oracles and Falling Stars.

Astraeus: Titan of Dusk, Stars, Planets and Astrology.

Atlas: Titan forced to carry the heavens upon his shoulders by Zeus.

Aura: Titaness of the Breeze and fresh air of early morning.

Clymene: Titaness of Renown, Fame and Infamy.

Dione: Titaness of the Oracle Of Dodona.

Helios: Titan of the Sun and Guardian of Oaths.

Selene: Titaness of the Moon.

Eos: Titaness of the Dawn.

Epimetheus: Titan of Afterthought and Father of Excuses.

Eurybia: Titaness of the Mastery of the Seas.

Eurynome: Titaness of Water Meadows and Pasturelands.

Lelantos: Titan of Air and the Hunters skill of stalking prey.

Leto: Titaness of Motherhood and Mother of Artemis and Apollo.

Menoetius: Titan of Violent Anger, Rash Action and Human Mortality.

Metis: Titaness of Good Counsel, Advice, Planning Cunning and Wisdom.

Ophion: Elder titan who ruled the earth.

Pallas: Titan of Warcraft.

Perses: Titan of Destruction.

Prometheus: Titan of Forethought and Crafty Counsel, Creator of Mankind.

Styx: Titaness of the Underworld river Styx and personification of Hatred.

Primordial Deities

Aether: God of the Upper Atmosphere and Light.

Ananke: Goddess of Inevitability, Compulsion and Necessity.

Chaos: Nothingness from which all else sprang.

Chronos: God of time.

Erebus: God of Darkness and Shadow.

Eros: God of Love and Attraction.

Hypnos: Personification of Sleep.

The Nesoi: Goddesses of Islands and Sea.

Uranus: God of the Heavens, Father of the Titans.

Gaia: Personification of the Earth, Mother of the Titans.

The Ourea: Gods of Mountains.

Phanes: God of Procreation.

Pontus: God of the Sea, Father of Fish and Sea Creatures.

Tartarus: God of Deepest, Darkest Underworld, the Tartarean Pit.

Thalassa: Personification of the consort of Pontus.

Thanatos: God of Death, Brother to Hypnos.

Hemera: Goddess of Day.

Nyx: Goddess of Night.

Nemesis: Goddess of Retribution.

 

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